2020 ties record for the hottest year ever, NASA analysis shows

The year 2020 — which saw the continuing coronavirus pandemic as well as massive wildfires across Australia, Siberia and the United States — also tied the record for the hottest year on record, a new NASA study shows. Up until this past year, 2016 ranked as the warmest year on record for planet Earth. 2020 surpassed this previous record by a very small amount, under one-tenth of a degree, the agency announced Thursday (Jan. 14). However, the difference between the two years is within the margin

Astronomers spot the fastest spinning magnetar ever seen

Far-off in the Milky Way galaxy, 21,000 light-years from Earth, astronomers have spotted the fastest-spinning magnetar (and possibly youngest, too) ever seen. And that's just the start of what makes this star strange. are a unique type of , which are the collapsed cores of supergiant stars that died in supernova events. What sets magnetars apart from other neutron stars is that they possess extremely powerful magnetic fields — he most powerful ones in the known universe, in fact. They can also

Earth is hotter than ever — So what happens next?

This week, NASA revealed that 2020 tied with 2016 as the hottest year on record . The announcement, part of an annual release of global temperature data by NASA and NOAA (the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), revealed that our planet just keeps getting hotter. This data is an important part of our growing understanding of . But what do these new findings mean for the future of our planet and life on Earth? "We're already seeing impacts," Gavin Schmidt, a climate scientist

Earth is hotter than ever — So what happens next?

This week, NASA revealed that 2020 tied with 2016 as the hottest year on record . The announcement, part of an annual release of global temperature data by NASA and NOAA (the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), revealed that our planet just keeps getting hotter. This data is an important part of our growing understanding of . But what do these new findings mean for the future of our planet and life on Earth? "We're already seeing impacts," Gavin Schmidt, a climate scientist

Scientists find first evidence of rare Higgs boson decay

Scientists have spotted the first evidence of a rare decay, expanding our understanding of the strange quantum universe. In 2012, the was awarded to a breakthrough finding: the detection of the Higgs boson, a subatomic particle predicted by nearly 50 years prior. The Higgs boson doesn't live very long, quickly decaying into less massive particles like two photons (light particles). Now, researchers using ATLAS and CMS at CERN's Large Hadron Collider in Switzerland have found evidence for a rar

We did it: Celebrating a Mars rover landing in the time of COVID-19

PASADENA, Calif. — After a year of seemingly endless obstacles and challenges imposed by the coronavirus pandemic, something good finally happened. Amidst the chaos and strife, NASA landed its most ambitious robotic explorer ever on the surface of Mars. On Thursday (Feb. 18), a bright light shone as people around the world celebrated the Perseverance Mars rover landing safely in Jezero Crater, an ancient lakebed on the Red Planet's surface. As I watched the rover's descent to the Martian surfac

I wrote a song with the first Mars sounds recorded by NASA's Perseverance rover

After NASA's Mars Perseverance rover landed on the Red Planet last week, Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator of the agency's Science Mission Directorate, asked the question: "Who's going to compose the first piece of music with Mars sound?" NASA has released a "firehose of data" from Perseverance's landing, including videos, images and audio from the surface of Mars, Justin Maki, an imaging scientist and instrument operations team chief for NASA's Perseverance rover, said during a news br

Relativity Space teams with HI-SEAS, NASA to celebrate International Women's Day

California-based aerospace startup will celebrate International Women's Day (March 8) and Women's History Month with a new video highlighting an all-woman analog astronaut crew. The new video, which Relativity Space released today, highlights the crew and mission of Sensoria M2 , the second all-woman mission at the (Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation) habitat, in October 2020. It followed the first such mission, Sensoria M1, which took place in January 2020. Sensoria M2, which this

Scientists find most distant quasar shooting powerful radio jets

A newly discovered from the early universe is the most distant found to date that's shooting out powerful radio jets. Astronomers using the European Southern Observatory's (ESO) Very Large Telescope (VLT) recently discovered the quasar, called P172+18, which is so far away that it takes about 13 billion years for the light from this quasar to reach Earth, where we observe the object as it was when the universe was just 780 million years old. While the new find is not the most distant quasar eve

Physicists witness the bizarre birth of a 'quasiparticle'

In a new study, researchers were able to have an impurity atom evolve into a quasiparticle, allowing them to observe the "birth" of the quasiparticle. Physicists exploring the quantum world watched the birth of a quasiparticle, shedding light on the strange behavior of these bizarre "fake particles." Quasiparticles have been an enigmatic entity in the world of physics since they were first introduced as a concept in the 1930s. They're strange disturbances in physical systems that aren't partic

Newly discovered bacteria on space station could help astronauts grow plants on Mars

The Veggie experiment, which is used to grow lettuce on the International Space Station. In a new study, researchers have discovered new bacteria on the space station that they think could support future food growing efforts in space. What will future astronauts living on Mars or traveling in deep space eat? Researchers have discovered three new strains of bacteria on the International Space Station that they think could one day help astronauts to . While space food has evolved from the puree

Mars is leaking water into space during dust storms and warmer seasons

Water is leaking from atmosphere through changing seasons and swirling Martian storms, scientists found in two new studies. There is , but it seems to only exist either in ice caps at the planet's poles or as gas in the planet's thin atmosphere. Water has been escaping the planet for billions of years, since Mars lost its magnetic field (and subsequently much of its air and water ), and two new studies show how water moves through and leaves the planet's atmosphere. The two new studies, led by

Explosion from the early universe illuminates secret black hole

Light coming from an explosion in the early universe has illuminated a black hole that astronomers think could expand their understanding of how the celestial objects form. Three billion years ago, a gamma-ray burst (known as GRB 950830) exploded out into the universe. In 1995, astronomers observed the event, essentially peering "back in time" with the BATSE (Burst And Transient Source Experiment ) high-energy astrophysics experiment on the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory, which was launched in 1

New reports detail ongoing space threats, and Russia is raising concerns

Plesetsk Cosmodrome in northern Russia. Two new reports detail the anti-satellite threats from Russia and other countries. Security experts say that when it comes to threats in space, Russia is raising more concerns than China. These findings come from two annual reports published by nongovernmental organizations that provide open-source information about global developments in counterspace weapons and other space threats. Counterspace missions are defensive or offensive operations in space.

Astronomers reevaluate the age of the universe

The universe is (nearly) 14 billion years old, astronomers confirm. With looming discrepancies about the true , scientists have taken a fresh look at the observable (expanding) universe and have estimated that it is 13.77 billion years old (plus or minus 40 million years). In 2019, scientists studying the movement of galaxies concluded that the universe is hundreds of millions of years younger than previously estimated by the Planck Collaboration, a group of scientists who have worked with the

Trump says 'NASA was Closed & Dead' before he took charge. That's not true.

President Donald Trump speaks inside the Vehicle Assembly Building following the launch of a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket carrying the company's Crew Dragon spacecraft on NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission with NASA astronauts Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley onboard, Saturday, May 30, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. President Donald Trump took to Twitter today (Aug. 5) to announce that he brought NASA back from being "Closed & Dead." In a tweet posted today, Trump said that he had resur

Yale astronomy students speak out against institutional racism

Students are leading the charge to make changes at Yale University after a heated debate over systemic racism at the institution went public. Last month, in the midst of rising racial tensions in the U.S. , a group of professors at the Yale Department of Astronomy sent out an email, , to the entire department regarding its history with race. In the email, Richard Larson, a professor emeritus at the university who retired in 2011, expressed doubts at the existence of systemic racism in the depa

Glaciers on Pluto might 'grow' with the seasons

Methane and nitrogen glaciers on Pluto expand and "grow" in response to temperature changes on the dwarf planet, new research suggests. When NASA's New Horizons probe flew by Pluto five years ago, it spotted glaciers made of solid methane and nitrogen on the icy dwarf planet's surface. In a new study, inspired by the stunning images the spacecraft snapped of Pluto's icy mountain peaks, scientists provide evidence that the grains of methane and nitrogen in the dwarf planet's glaciers move as tem

Dropped emissions during COVID-19 lockdown will do 'nothing' for climate change

A view from space of how emissions are changing in response to coronavirus. While greenhouse gas as the world locked down in response to the pandemic, such dips will do "nothing" to slow climate change unless society moves away from fossil fuels, researchers have found. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the novel coronavirus disease, COVID-19, a pandemic, which it remains today. To slow the spread of the virus, countries around the world began implementing lockdown meas

Ozone pollution levels have increased over the past 20 years, study finds

In a new study, researchers found that, over 20 years, ozone increased in Earth's lower atmosphere over the Northern Hemisphere. Ozone pollution has increased across the over the past 20 years, researchers have found in a new study — the first study to use ozone data collected by commercial aircraft. In the new research, scientists from the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) at the University of Colorado Boulder studied levels of ozone — a greenhouse gas which
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